The Perfect Wilderness in Uganda-Kidepo National Park

The Perfect Wilderness in Uganda-Kidepo National Park. Kidepo Valley National Park is found in the northeastern corner of Uganda, Kaabong District. It lies in the rugged, semi-arid valleys between Uganda’s borders with Sudan and Kenya.

The northwestern boundary of the park runs along the international frontier with South Sudan and abuts its Kidepo Game. From Apoka, in the heart of the park, a Savannah landscape extends far beyond the gazetted area, towards horizons outlined by distant mountain ranges.

Kidepo Valley National Park

The park consists of the two major valley systems of the Kidepo and Narus Rivers. The valley floors lie between 3,000 feet (910 m) and 4,000 feet (1,200 m). There are differences in the rainfall during the year with annual averages of 89 centimeters (35 in) in Narus. It is 64 centimeters (25 in) in the Kidepo basin and this leads to vegetation and animal population variances between the two valleys. During the dry season, the only permanent water in the park is in wetlands and remnant pools in the broad Narus Valley near Apoka.

These seasonal oases, combined with the open, Savannah terrain, make the Narus Valley the park’s prime game viewing location. In the Narus Valley, you will see shorter red oat grass and taller bunchy Guinea grass and fine thatching grass. Its vast savannah landscape which is spectacularly lining with distant mountain ranges on the horizon Most of the park is open tree Savannah.

Its History

Kidepo Valley National Park was gazetted as a national park in 1962, it has a profusion of big game and hosts over 86 mammal species as well as around 475 bird species some of which can only be found in that park in Uganda.

There are Lions in abundance-especially during the dry season of the year, Elephant and Buffalo herds roaming, Rothschild Giraffes, Zebras, leopards, cheetahs, wild dogs, ostriches, pangolins, the bat eared fox, striped and spotted hyenas, tortoises, ostriches, aardwolf, caracal, and hunting dog, antelopes such as eland, bush buck, bush duskier, defassa water buck, bohor reed buck, jackson’s hartebeest and oribi.


The Perfect Wilderness in Uganda-Kidepo National Park

Kidepo Valley National Park is so quiet and still with abundant wildlife, listen to yourself and the wild sounds only, the savannah landscape is absolutely breathtaking and the view of the horizon is endless. Kidepo Valley National Park is Uganda’s most isolated national park with less tourists’ vehicles on the game tracks, mostly because of the distance and the roads leading to the park. But once you make it through this wild frontier region of Karamoja you will agree that it is very magnificent and also learn why it is a true African wilderness.

No wonder it was ranked second best national park in Africa by CNN in 2018 and also ranked among Africa’s finest wildernesses. This remote, out of the ordinary park offers the best of the Wild of Africa and worth your time and effort. This park stands out to be one of the best virgin places every wildlife viewer can ever visit in Uganda. This virgin national park is undoubtedly among the best wilderness areas in Africa.

Attractions and activities in Kidepo Valley National Park

  1. Kidepo Valley and Kanangorok Hot Springs

Through most of the year, shortage of surface water implies that less wildlife is within Kidepo Valley. Although it is still definitely worth the drive to go to the  Kidepo River which is dry. You walk along its 50-meter wide river bed having white sand in between the banks with borassus palms. “Kidepo” means “to pick from below” and this valley was frequented by people traveling to collect fallen borassus fruits to use for fermenting when making palm beer. You will be shown around how animals dig down the sand in search for water till they reach it and quench their thirst.

The Kanangorok Hot Springs are  11 kilometers past the Kidepo River along the Sudan border in the extreme north of the park. It is the most permanent source of water in the park and marvelous place to sit down and observe the mountains far past the frontier.


  1. Mount Morungule

Mount Morungole towers to 2,750 meters and it is cross by River Kidepo and River Narus which nourish the wildlife plus the natural habitat of this park. The Morungole Range defines the southern boundary of this park and soars from these plains a couple of kilometers north-east of Apoka. You may visit on foot in the company of a ranger. The slopes of the mountain are habitat to the IK people, who are the tiniest ethnic group found in Uganda, and have their own special culture.


  1. Namamukweny Valley

This valley has a huge amount of bird species. These include Eastern Paradise Whydah, Green Wood Hoopoe, White-crested Turaco, Abyssinian Roller and the Common Bulbul, among others. It’s in the northwest part of the park and you can use foot or a car to access it.


  1. Lomej Hills

The Lomej Hills are just a brief drive from the park headquarters. These hills are a great viewing point to see wild animals and birds such as the mountain reedbucks.

  1. Apoka Tourism Centre

This is a craft shop having books plus souvenirs, alcoholic beverages, and bottled-water. There is also sodas which you can buy. Apoka Tourism Centre is overlooking the game-filled Narus Valley. It is a habitat to a luxurious Apoka Safari Lodge and the budget Uganda Wildlife Authority’s Bandas. At the center you will find Ranger guides who accompany tourists on their game drives. Also during nature walks and if you don’t have private transport, then you can hire the Uganda Wildlife Authority trucks.


  1. Local People

Karimojong people near Kidepo Valley National Park

Most of the people bordering the park are Karamajong, traditional pastoralists. Visit the Karamajong Manyatas (cow dung homesteads) to learn about their traditional customs. Also their dances as well crafts like stools, knives, bows, arrows and jewelry. Visitors can also visit the lk, one of the most reclusive tribes in Uganda. They still live in a very traditional manner in relative seclusion high atop Morungole Mountain.

The crowning moment of a visit to this community is the dance by the Ikarangole Dance Group. Prepare to interface with the natives as they dance. Also as they jump to the skies, and also get closer to you in entertainment. Community engagement is one of the activities that will leave tourists charmed by Kidepo. You will see young boys with herds of cattle. Also, you will see goats along the village paths and a dry river bed. A tour of the neat manyattas leave one fascinating by the order. This is right from the way twigs and branches are woven to form a fence to the setting. Also, one thing that will leave you amused is the narrow low entrance to the courtyards.


Accessibility to Kidepo Valley National Park

Kidepo Valley National park is approximately 12 hours from Kampala by road.

By Air a regular scheduled flights take 2 hours and fly into Kidepo. Charters can easily be arrange as well. This is the easiest way to access the park but more costly option.

The Perfect Wilderness in Uganda-Kidepo National Park

Where to stay in Kidepo Valley National Park

Apoka Lodge in Kidepo

The park now boosts of a number of lodges than it was previously. There are two facilities in the middle of the park. These are the luxurious Apoka Safari Lodge, The Uganda Wildlife Apoka Bandas for budget clients. At Apoka Bandas clients have a choice to sleep in the bandas or to camp in the tents.

There is Nga’Moru Wilderness camp at the park’s boundary. Also, there is Kidepo Savannah Lodge which is just a 500 mt away from Kalokudo gate.

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